RESEÑA – Richard Engel, And Then All Hell Broke Loose. Two Decades in the Middle East.

HAMID ABUD RUSSELL

La llamada “primavera árabe” fue recibida en occidente con gran expectativa, pues esperaban una transición como la que vivieron otras regiones. Lejos de esto, el sueño de un Medio Oriente democrático parece haberse desvanecido, y la búsqueda de aplacar el caos, causado por la invasión de Iraq, vuelve a dominar la agenda estadunidense. El hecho de que grupos radicales abanderen los restos de estas revoluciones es muestra que el descontento, la marginación y la pobreza fueron las causas detrás de movimientos, los cuales parecían ver en la democracia un medio pero nunca un fin. … More RESEÑA – Richard Engel, And Then All Hell Broke Loose. Two Decades in the Middle East.

VICTIMIZATION IN THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: Operation Protective Edge

LUIS RODRIGO CARBAJAL NOGUÉS

For centuries, humans have been using language to give a meaning to their actions. They have been trying to justify what they are doing in several ways. That is why everything must have a meaning, even the simplest or dumbest action has a reason and represents something. Meanings and justifications are as important as the actions that are being done.

If states and governments are seen as a unity, we could define them as players. They have their own preferences, rationality and behaviour. They will try to achieve their goals and have influence on the society, the world. From this perspective, we can argue that they will also try to assign meaning to their actions. By analyzing how they use language for that purpose, we try to know which are the states’ preferences, beliefs, and ideas to know more about how they behave.

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